Exponential vaporization fronts and critical heat flux in pool boiling.

Here we study the beginning and propagation of the front evaporation and the transition to the critical heat flux (CHF) and the film boiling regime triggered by a steep, almost instantaneous increase in the release of heat from the heater is submerged lines Novec 7300 fluid.

Propagation path resulting evaporation front along the strip heater is measured and proven to increase exponentially in time, the difference from previous reports in the literature claiming that the increase only linearly. Because previous experiments employed a liquid such as water, coolant, acetone, ethanol, and alkali metals, which have a latent heat of relatively high evaporation and thus require a relatively high to be given, the burnout heater at the commencement of CHF and Film boil too quickly to allow longer observation time.

Thus, the earlier works was observed only a very short-time asymptotics propagation process, which means no time expansion of the exponential function, which is linear. On the other hand, in the experiment with Novec 7300 fluid, heater burnout delayed due to a much lower heat of latent vaporization, allowing for a longer observation of the propagation path, which seems to increase exponentially in time. The experiment begins with our theoretical predictions such behavior, and this theory is also described in this work. Due to the fact that this theory has been corroborated by experimental data, theoretical yield adequate explanation and description of CHF trigger and Film initial boiling.


This data set contains the experimental data local heat flux, the temperature of the walls and cancel the data profiles for vertical subcooled flow boiling of refrigerant Novec 649 in the copper wall. This article presents data on average boiling curve of one phase convection boiling movie fully developed during the six combinations of mass flux and subcooling.

profile is provided for void fraction Void, void detection frequency, the vacancy rate and the size of the void ligaments during three countries shared characteristics of each curve boiling. Thermocouples used to measure the heat flux and temperature. A single optical fiber and dual fiber micro probe used to obtain the data profiles void. Traverse mechanism is used to position the micro fiber optic probe relative to the surface of the heater.

Exponential vaporization fronts and critical heat flux in pool boiling.
Exponential vaporization fronts and critical heat flux in pool boiling.

Spray Evaluation and Methods Inoculation Point to the phenotype of Puccinia striiformis in wheat.

Fungus Puccinia striiformis cause yellow (stripe) rust in wheat worldwide. In this article, a new method utilizes fluid engineering (Novec 7100) as the carrier urediniospores compared with a commonly used method of inoculation. In general, Novec 7100 facilitated the application procedure faster and more flexible to spray inoculation and it gives very reproducible results for virulence phenotype. Six methods of inoculation point compared to find the most suitable for the assessment of pathogen aggressiveness.

Novec 7100 and the use of dry dilution with Lycopodium spores provide inoculation rate of 100% success in two independent experiments, which were significantly higher and more consistent than in Soltrol 170 spore suspension, water, water + Tween 20, and Noble that + Tween 20. Both Soltrol 170 and Novec 7100 enables precise quantification of inoculum, which is essential for quantitative assessment of epidemiological parameters.

P38 mAb

MBS435304-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 660

P38 mAb

MBS435304-5x01mL 5x0.1mL
EUR 2655

p38 MAPK

E8ET1702-65 100ul
EUR 275
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

Mxi2, p38

MBS603655-01mg 0.1mg
EUR 820

Mxi2, p38

MBS603655-5x01mg 5x0.1mg
EUR 3530

p38 MAPK

MBS8534372-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 345

p38 MAPK

MBS8534372-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 565

p38 MAPK

MBS8534372-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 565

p38 MAPK

MBS8534372-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 565

p38 MAPK

MBS8534372-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 565

p38 protein

E20-80078 20ug
EUR 275
Description: N/A

p38 protein

E20-80079 20ug
EUR 275
Description: N/A

p38 protein

MBS8526800-002mg 0.02mg
EUR 345

p38 protein

MBS8526800-5x002mg 5x0.02mg
EUR 1410

p38 protein

MBS8526801-002mg 0.02mg
EUR 345

p38 protein

MBS8526801-5x002mg 5x0.02mg
EUR 1410

p38 Antibody

20-abx141038
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  • 30 ul

p38 Antibody

20-abx133223
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p38 Antibody

20-abx007541
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p38 Antibody

48644 100ul
EUR 499

p38 Antibody

48644-100ul 100ul
EUR 399.6

p38 Antibody

48644-50ul 50ul
EUR 286.8

p38 Antibody

35478 100ul
EUR 479

p38 Antibody

35478-100ul 100ul
EUR 468

p38 Antibody

abx236076-100ug 100 ug
EUR 577.2

p38 Antibody

E38PA4721 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Antibody

E38PA5060 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Antibody

E38PA5094 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Antibody

E38PA7126 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Antibody

E38PA3186 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 antibody

70R-51505 100 ul
EUR 242
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

p38 antibody

70R-51506 100 ul
EUR 286
Description: Purified Polyclonal p38 antibody

p38 Antibody

abx236076-100g 100 µg
EUR 350

p38 Antibody

MBS9409774-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 420

p38 Antibody

MBS9409774-5x01mL 5x0.1mL
EUR 1740

p38 Antibody

MBS806203-0025mL 0.025mL
EUR 320

p38 Antibody

MBS8002013-0025mL 0.025mL
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p38 Antibody

MBS8002013-5x0025mL 5x0.025mL
EUR 890

p38 Antibody

MBS805089-01mL 0.1mL
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p38 Antibody

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EUR 1350

p38 Antibody

MBS8584173-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Antibody

MBS8584173-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8584173-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8584173-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8584173-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582665-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Antibody

MBS8582665-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582665-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582665-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
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p38 Antibody

MBS8582665-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
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p38 Antibody

MBS8582905-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Antibody

MBS8582905-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582905-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582905-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582905-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582923-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Antibody

MBS8582923-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582923-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582923-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8582923-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8581787-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Antibody

MBS8581787-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8581787-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8581787-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS8581787-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 465

p38 Antibody

MBS5316121-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 460

p38 Antibody

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EUR 1920

p38 Antibody

MBS5316122-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 535

p38 Antibody

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EUR 2270

p38 Antibody

MBS9435492-005mL 0.05mL
EUR 325

p38 Antibody

MBS9435492-01mL 0.1mL
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p38 Antibody

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EUR 1810

p38 Antibody

MBS9508977-005mL 0.05mL
EUR 285

p38 Antibody

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EUR 385

p38 Antibody

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EUR 1590

p38 Antibody

B0798-100ul 100μl
EUR 217
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Antibody

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EUR 143.5
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Antibody

B0799-100ul 100μl
EUR 217
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Antibody

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EUR 143.5
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Antibody

B7178-100ul 100μl
EUR 217
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Antibody

B7178-50ul 50μl
EUR 143.5
Description: p38 Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody

p38 Substrate

MBS517838-1mg 1mg
EUR 205

p38 Substrate

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EUR 675

MAP Kinase p38, Control Cell Extracts (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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MAP Kinase p38, Control Cell Extracts (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Tyr182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 650

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Tyr182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 1175

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Tyr182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 5140

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 660

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 2810

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

MBS633592-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 695

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 2985

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Tyr182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

MBS627818-10Blots 10Blots
EUR 875

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Tyr182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38)

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EUR 3785

SB-203580 p38 MAPK(p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor

E1B1863 1mg
EUR 85

SB-203580 p38 MAPK (p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor

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EUR 180

SB-203580 p38 MAPK (p38 MAP kinase) Inhibitor

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EUR 660

p38 (411-425) M.leprae

MBS8246858-10mg 10mg
EUR 675

p38 (411-425) M.leprae

MBS8246858-1mg 1mg
EUR 255

p38 (411-425) M.leprae

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EUR 480

p38 (411-425) M.leprae

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EUR 2955

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38) (Agarose)

MBS631660-04mL 0.4mL
EUR 670

MAP Kinase p38, phosphorylated (Thr180, Ty182) (Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase p38, MAPK p38) (Agarose)

MBS631660-5x04mL 5x0.4mL
EUR 2870

Anti - p38-a

MBS684252-002mL 0.02mL
EUR 270

Anti - p38-a

MBS684252-005mL 0.05mL
EUR 485

Anti - p38-a

MBS684252-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 720

Anti - p38-a

MBS684252-5x01mL 5x0.1mL
EUR 2925

Anti - p38-b

MBS684253-002mL 0.02mL
EUR 270

Anti - p38-b

MBS684253-005mL 0.05mL
EUR 485

Anti - p38-b

MBS684253-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 720

Anti - p38-b

MBS684253-5x01mL 5x0.1mL
EUR 2925

Anti - p38-g

MBS684254-002mL 0.02mL
EUR 270

Anti - p38-g

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EUR 485

Anti - p38-g

MBS684254-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 720

Anti - p38-g

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EUR 2925

Anti - p38-d

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EUR 270

Anti - p38-d

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EUR 485

Anti - p38-d

MBS684255-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 720

Anti - p38-d

MBS684255-5x01mL 5x0.1mL
EUR 2925

p38 Mouse mAb

E2220879 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Mouse mAb

E2222580 100ul
EUR 255
Description: Biotin-Conjugated, FITC-Conjugated , AF350 Conjugated , AF405M-Conjugated ,AF488-Conjugated, AF514-Conjugated ,AF532-Conjugated, AF555-Conjugated ,AF568-Conjugated , HRP-Conjugated, AF405S-Conjugated, AF405L-Conjugated , AF546-Conjugated, AF594-Conjugated , AF610-Conjugated, AF635-Conjugated , AF647-Conjugated , AF680-Conjugated , AF700-Conjugated , AF750-Conjugated , AF790-Conjugated , APC-Conjugated , PE-Conjugated , Cy3-Conjugated , Cy5-Conjugated , Cy5.5-Conjugated , Cy7-Conjugated Antibody

p38 Mouse mAb

MBS8539086-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Mouse mAb

MBS8539086-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 565

p38 Mouse mAb

MBS8539086-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 565

p38 Mouse mAb

MBS8539086-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 565

p38 Mouse mAb

MBS8539086-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

E2340697 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit pAb

E2380881 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit pAb

E2381051 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit mAb

E2R25239 100μl
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit mAb

E2R27123 100μl
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit pAb

E2251338 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

p38 Rabbit pAb

E2251719 100ul
EUR 225
Description: Available in various conjugation types.

anti-Crk p38

YF-PA11088 50 ul
EUR 435.6
Description: Mouse polyclonal to Crk p38

anti-Crk p38

YF-PA11089 50 ug
EUR 435.6
Description: Mouse polyclonal to Crk p38

anti-Crk p38

YF-PA11090 100 ug
EUR 483.6
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to Crk p38

anti-Crk p38

YF-PA23509 50 ul
EUR 400.8
Description: Mouse polyclonal to Crk p38

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8539985-01mL 0.1mL
EUR 305

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8539985-01mLAF405L 0.1mL(AF405L)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8539985-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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EUR 305

p38 Rabbit pAb

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EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8541727-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8541727-01mLAF635 0.1mL(AF635)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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p38 Rabbit pAb

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EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8542516-01mLAF405S 0.1mL(AF405S)
EUR 565

p38 Rabbit pAb

MBS8542516-01mLAF610 0.1mL(AF610)
EUR 565

new protocol to spray and inoculation point P. striiformis on wheat are presented, along with the prospects for applying this research and activity rust resistance breeding.